1.22.2016

One Minute History with Coffee: National Socialism - Otherwise know as Nazism



What was Nazism?

Short for national socialism, "Nazi" was a derisive abbreviation that held.  The Nazi doctrine rests on the three philosophies;  extreme nationalism, anti-Semitism, and anti-communism.  As one of the Central Powers, Germany's defeat in World War I resulted in severe punishment of that country and its seriously diminished role in Europe.  The doctrines of Nazism took hold there, appealing to the masses with promises of a rebuilt Germany.

The 'bible' of Nazism was Adolf Hitler's Mein Kampf (My Struggle; 1923) which asserted the superiority of a pure Aryan race, led by an infallible ruler; the reestablishment of a German empire; and the systematic annihilation of people who Nazis perceived to be German's worst enemies: Jews and Communists. 

Nazis ruled Germany from 1933 when Hitler rose to power as head of the National Socialist German Workers Party.  In their own country, they enforced their policies through a secret police (the Gestapo), storm troops (called the SS), and Hitler's bodyguard (called the SA).  Elsewhere in Europe, the Nazis used sheer force in imposing their system.  Their aggression and ruthlessness resulted in World War II.  During the Holocaust, Nazi soldiers, led by "Hitler's henchmen" persecuted and exterminated upwards of 12 million people, at least half of whom were European Jews.  Nazism ended in 1945, when Hitler killed himself and Germany lost the war.  The doctrine, which demonstrated how detrimentally powerful a theory can be, was outlawed thereafter.  Sadly, the late twentieth century saw a resurgence of "neo-Nazism" among extremists in Germany and the United States.


Source;

The Handy History Answer Book, Second Edition (The Handy Answer Book Series)

A concise guide to all things historical, this compendium addresses people, times, and events in a wide-ranging and comprehensive manner, complemented by helpful illustrations and a chronology of major events. Some of the history-making events include the election of George W. Bush, the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, and wars in Afghanistan and Iraq; spectacular images from probes in outer space, medical advances and debate, and many new scientific discoveries on Earth; a devastating earthquake in Iran and the deadly tsunami in Asia; the downfall of Enron and the comeback of Apple, as well as the dot-com bubble burst. Beginning with a section on historical eras, this popular reference source tracks history and organizes information in 13 specific subject sections, ranging from politics and war to science and religion. It tackles exploration and settlement, technological advances, legal fireworks, financial and business events, social movements, natural and man-made disasters, medicine and disease, and art and culture. This resource is the perfect fingertip, time-traveling guide through the pages of history.


The 2015 release edition;

The Handy American History Answer Book (The Handy Answer Book Series)